Over the weekend, Long Beach – one of the most diverse cities in the US – hosted its third annual zine fest at the only museum in the country solely dedicated to modern and contemporary Latin American art. The presenters at the festival reflected the multiculturalism of its location, with more than 20 self-identified Latino zinesters taking part in the event.
At the festival, a panel with Marissa Del Toro—a graduate fellow currently researching contemporary Latinx* zine collectives—discussed the zine as a means for artistic representation and identity expression in Latinx communities. She decided to focus on gathering the oral histories of these collectives after realizing that zines are more than just the physical production of stories – they are also a way to build community and showcase artwork not typically found in traditional publications.
Her presentation included a brief history of zines starting with the creator of “La Catrina,” Jose Guadalupe Posada, whose satirical calavera cartoons made political and cultural critiques of Mexico in the early 1900s. In the US, social movements also made use of self-published materials to spread their message. “La Raza,” for example, was an independent newspaper that documented Chicano resistance struggles in the 60s and 70s.
Del Toro sees these zines as a way to challenge dominant narratives about Latinos. “Zines are a way [for Latinos] to take ownership of their own identity and voice because they are not being represented in traditional media, and when they are, it’s usually stereotyped and wrong,” she explained.
“Zines show the beauty of how different Latinx identity is. When I use Latinx I understand it’s not a catchall,” she explains, “there’s Afro-Latinxs. Asian-Latinxs, Indigenous-Latinxs, and zines are an educational tool for people to see how others live. That’s the beauty of zine production, is sharing these stories.”
The fest also featured a panel on queer zine culture, workshops teaching attendees to make their own zines, and live music including Long Beach native Rudy de Anda.
Here are four Latino zinesters from the fest you should know.
Editor’s note: while Del Toro uses the term “Latinx” in her research, she clarified that she understands not everyone identifies with this label. Throughout this piece, we have used “Latinx” according to the expressed preference of the subjects.